Yarn refers to the fibrous material that holds the stitched item together. The fibres of yarn are called threads or yarns. There are two types of yarns, natural and synthetic. Natural yarn is usually derived from the hair of the plant. This natural yarn is softer and lighter than machine made yarn, and therefore it is often used for items that will be worn as layering or in garments. Synthetic yarn is derived from the hair of the animal and is typically stronger and harder than natural yarn.
Yarn is made up of many different threads of similar strength and diameter. Each thread is, in a way, made up of shorter fibers, which, in turn, are made up of even shorter fibers. These shorter fibers are then spun into larger threads, which are then wound onto even larger and longer threads to form yarn. Yarn is spun to get its desired shape, and it is then cut into smaller strips, or skeins, to be used for manufacturing products.
The different types of fibers are derived from plant, animal, or human hair. There are six naturally occurring fibers from the human body. These are alpaca, bamboo, cotton, silk, wool, and cotton duck. Synthetic fibers come from a variety of other sources. Some synthetic fibers can be made from rayon, nylon, acrylic, and polyester.
Spinning is the process of pulling the yarn through a spindle, or by hand using a large hook. The yarn can be spun in a variety of ways. Some yarn is spun on a commercial spindle, while some fibers can be spun by hand on a basic spindle. Some types of yarn are spun on a commercial spindle, while others can be made by hand on an embroidery machine.
The fiber that is spun on a commercial spindle is usually referred to as “blend” or “braid.” Blending yarn is commonly done in knitting, crochet, and weaving. In crochet, yarn that is too long can be cut into shorter sections and sewn together like a braid. This is often combined with other fiber materials to create a fabric. This is often referred to as “cotton” yarn, or “wool.”
Cotton yarn is usually made from cotton plants such as: calendula, jute, cotton, and sisal. Sisal can also be created from barks and twigs from Africa and is also considered to be a natural fiber. B.c, which stands for bamboo cotton, is made from coconut oil seeds. It is very similar in consistency to cotton but has a stronger yarn, and does not quite have the stretch of b.c.
Yarn is categorized according to its weight. The weight of yarn is measured in grains; one grain is equal to about 100 yards. One pound of yarn is approximately one thousand grams. Yarn is further classified into five categories; white, brown, natural, navy, and Bermuda. White yarn is typically used for clothing, while brown and natural are usually used for warm clothes.
Some yarn producers prefer to spin their own yarn using a commercial carding machine. There are many reasons for this including having control over the quality of the fibers and saving money. Carding and distillation processes have long been used by Native American, African, and Australian Indian tribes. This ancient method of producing yarn is still in use today, but is no longer as popular as it once was.
A spinning frame is the most important tool for both the carding process and spinning. The frame serves to support the yarn while it is being spun. There are two types of spinning frames to choose from; horizontal and vertical. The former is used more commonly and can be purchased at any craft or yarn store. The vertical type can be purchased at most home stores as well.
The yarn that has been spun is known as yarn threads. Yarn threads are smaller than needle threads but are still important to any type of spinning or carding. The size of the fibers determines how tightly the yarn is spun. Smaller fibers don’t form large strands, which makes them less durable and less resistant to wear. Larger fibers, however, make yarns that are stiffer and more durable. They also give yarns a better look, because they have a smooth plastic finish.
If you are thinking about starting carding projects, you may want to start with some pre-carded yarn. Carding involves taking smaller pieces of yarn and sliding them through a carding machine. The carding machine will then wrap the fibers around a rotary cutter, which will cut the fibers into card stock. The card stock is then put into a kiln for drying. Once the fiber is dry, you will be ready to begin carding!